Wall to All

Sometime stories of a sometime scribe

WALL FAMILY HISTORY

The original of this report constituted an e-mail which was the state of knowledge at that time. 
 Reply To: shaun.wall@ntlworld.com  Sent: 12 March 2003 16:33
 To: recoffice.central.library@liverpool.gov.uk
 Subject: Wall Families 1850-1880
 
My paternal great-grandfather, Cornelius Wall arrived in Liverpool from Dungarvan on 17th April 1849 to take up employment as a "tide waiter" in HM Customs and Excise. He was about 35 years old on arrival and may have arrived already married to Catherine Scanlon also of Dungarvan or may have married in Liverpool. At this time we don't know. His first born son, David, born at 23 Fairhurst St., Cheapside, was baptised on Sunday 7th April 1850 at St. Mary's Chapel, Edmond St. died on Mon 16th Oct 1851 buried at St. Anthony's Chapel, Scotland Street according to a journal kept by Cors. and preserved with cousins in Philadelphia.

Cors. reared a family in Snowdon Terrace, all born between 1850 and 1863. Some died as infants. Some may have lived longer. The rest 'vanished into thin air', possibly emigrating. The oral family tradition suggests Canada and/or Australia.

Of those who lived, the written record names James Wall b.Shrove Tuesday 5th Feb.1856. at 4 St. Anne's Tce. St. Anne's St. baptised at the house 21st by Rev.Fr.Tobin, St. Josephs Chapel. On Sat.10Oct 1868 James "went to James Christies & Co. Wine & Spirits merchants on trial as an apprentice Pothouse Lane Liverpool"

 [CAMPBELL STREET 1 Formerly Pot House Lane. George Campbell, a West India merchant (read slave trader!) and sugar boiler, was Mayor of  Liverpool in 1763. The name Pot House Lane derived from a pottery.]

Ellen Christina Wall was born at 2 Snowden Tce. off Castle St. Netherfield Road, Everton on 28th Dec. 1863.

Cors.' wife died on May 28th 1872 aged 48 at 2 Snowden Tce. and was buried the following day in Anfield cemetary.The journal records the death thus.

"Catherine Scanlan daughter of James Scanlan Master Mariner & Mary Cuddy and wife of Cornelius Wall of Dungarvan of Her Majesty's Customs Liverpool, England & son of David Wall, boot and shoe maker & Catherine Kenny. The said Catherine Wall wife of Cors. Wall died at 11oc at No. 2 Snowden Terrace Everton Liverpooland was buried on the 29th at Anfield cem. She was born in Dungarvan and baptised by Rev.Jeremiah Hally P.P. on the 23rd December 1823. Her sponsers were Capt. Pierse Kirwan and Johanna [nee] Mulcahy wife of Capt. Jas. Fitzgerald her age 48 years"

On Sunday 19th October 1873 Cornelius married Catherine Carroll daughter of John Carroll, mariner of Dungarvan. He was 59+ in 1873; his wife was 19. There were three children born of that marriage in the early 1870s. The family seems to have had a domiciliary connection with Castle Street. We understand one or more children may have died in childhood and may been buried [in an RC? cemetery] in Anfield.
 
Cors. Wall returned to Dungarvan c.1883 on retirement from service with his wife and two children, John and Catherine, neither of whom were, we believe, yet ten years old. He was in receipt of a Civil Service pension, and in old age was said to be "of independent means".

(Is there a way in which I might be able to discover from the Public record if any or all or any of the fore-going is true? And how should I proceed? I presume such details should appear as births, deaths, marriages, 1851 1861 1871 census returns for the Liverpool area. Actual addresses can be acquired if needed.

 Shaun Wall.

 

Liverpool Record Office Central Library, William Brown Street Liverpool L3 8EW
Telephone 0151 233 5817  recoffice.central.library@liverpool.gov.uk
 e sent 12thMar ackn 13th awaiting further.


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1800 possible birth year of Michael Wall, son of David Wall by David's first marriage
1802 born John Wall (Sister Theresa's grandfather?) possibly in June from details of his death posted in 1886! qv

There are fillable gaps between 1802 and 1812. David's first wife died.

David Wall married Catherine Kenny about 1812 and fathered a second family. 

1813 Corneilius Wall may have been born late this year or early next
1814 Feb17 Corneilius Wall baptised, son of David Wall boot and shoe maker
1815 birth of Ellen Scanlon older sister of Catherine Scanlon who would marry Cors Wall.
1819 Nov28 James Wall , son of David Wall & Catherine Kenny of Chapel Lane baptised
1823 Dec. b. Cath Scanlan, dau of Ja Scanlan Master mariner of Dungarvan & Mary Cuddy
1823 Dec23 Cath bapt. sponsers Capt. Pierse Kirwan Joanna Mulcahy (wife of Capt. Jas Fitzgerald).
1831 63 O'Connell St. said to have been erected.
1849 Apr17 Corneilius Wall arrived in Liverpool. age 35

1849 2nd major cholera outbreak Liverpool killed 5,308.total number of cases estimated at 15,000 to 20,000.

1850 Corneilius Wall working as tidewaiter in HM Customs.
1850 Apr 6 David Wall b. 23 Fairhurst St. Cheapside
1850 Apr 7 Sunday David baptised St. Mary's Chapel, Edmond St.
1851 Oct16 David Wall d. buried at St. Anthony's Chapel, Scotland St. aged 18m11d
1852 Jan20 Mary Catherine Wall b. 6 St. Anns Tce, St. Anns St.
1852  First Public Library in liverpool opened in Duke Street.
1853 Oct12 Catherine Wall b. 4 St. Anns Tce. St. Anne St.
1854 Cholera outbreak kills 1,290.
1854 Apr08 Mary Catherine Wall d. buried St. Anthony's Church.
1854 Catherine Carroll b.(Dungarvan?). 1873/10/19 married Corneilius Wall

1856 Feb 5 Shrove Tues. James Wall b. 4 St.Anns Terrace., St.Anns Street.
1856 Feb21 James baptised at the house by Fr. Tobin, St. Josephs Chapel.

1858 Outbreak of scarletina resulted in the death of over 1,100 children.

1858 Mersey Docks and Harbour Board established.

1860 Central Library and Museum opened in William Brown Street.


1861 Mar03 James Wall, saddler, died at New Orleans age 42.
1861 Nov21 b. Mary Ann Wall 121 Richmond Row
1861 Sun Dec2 Mary Ann Wall baptised St.Josephs Chapel, Grosvenor St.
1863 Dec28 Ellen Christina Wall b. 2 Snowden Tce. off Castle St. Netherfield Rd, Everton

1864  Building of new 'courts' banned. At the time it was estimated that there were                 3,000 courts, consisting of almost 18,000 houses, homing 110,000 Liverpudlians.  
1866 Cholera outbreak kills 2,122

1868 Fri Sep25 6.30am Catherine Wall d. at 2 Snowden Tce. 14y11m13d
1868 Oct10 sat. James Wall son of Cors went on trial as an apprentice.
1872 May28 Tue Catherine Scanlan d. at 2 Snowden Tce.
1872 May29 Wed Catherine buried in Anfield Cemetary.

1873 Oct19 Cors. Wall age59 of 1? Snowdon Tce married Catherine Carroll age 19

1874  Everton Football Club founded.

1874 Aug18 1Snowden Tce. Everton John F. Wall b. son of Cors. grandfather of John Wm.
1874 Aug?? JF baptised St. Edwards College RC Chapel by Rev. James Ray
1875 Oct30 b. at 1 Snowden Tce. Catherine Wall b.
1876 Oct24 John Wall, son of John and step-nephew of Cors. married Catherine Hayes
1876 Walker Art Gallery opened.
1877 Sep27  Mary Jo. Wall b.
1877 Sep30 Mary Jo. Wall bap. sponsers Wm. Carroll uncle and Mary Ann Wall stepsister.
1877 Sep30 Mary Ann Wall sponsered bapt of her step sister, Mary Jo.
1878 May24 d. Mary Jo. Wall buried grave 946 Anfield age 8mts
1878/9 Honora Clancy b. Dungarvan probably Rices St.

1879 May02 Fri d. Ellen Boardman, nee Scanlon age64 sister-in-law of Cors Wall int. Anfield
1879  Picton reading room added to Central Library/Museum in William Brown Street.  
1880 Royal Charter grants Liverpool city status.
1881 Attempt by Fenians to blow up Liverpool Town Hall.

Mersey Railway Tunnel commenced.

1882 Liverpool County Football Association founded.

The story and history of Liverpool Port is one of development on a gigantic scale, that before 1700 was never attempted anywhere in the world. Two hundred years, later in 1933 THE ILLUSTRATED UNIVERSAL REFERENCE BOOK eloquently described "Docks". It is useful to visit the definitions before visiting Liverpool.  

A DOCK is formed by surrounding the proposed site with a trench, in which a massive wall is built. The contained earth is then removed to the required depth. A DOCK may be WET or DRY.

A WET DOCK is  an artificially enclosed sheet of water in which ships are loaded or unloaded or [where they] remain while awaiting a cargo or undergoing repair while afloat. To prevent the water in a dock falling with the tide the exit is provide with gates or in some cases with locks.

A DRY DOCK ('graving' dock) is one into which a ship may be sailed to remain there while the water is let out, leaving the ship's hull exposed for repairs or cleaning or painting or even the original job of 'graving'.  

Ships Captains about 1700 bemoaned the fact that there was no DOCK in Liverpool. The only facility was the 'pool', an inlet of the sea with a small creek. That 'pool' has long since been reclaimed from the sea (It is now  Canning Place). The creek extended along the line of present-day Paradise Street and Whitechapel.

With growing trade between Britain and its Colonies, most especially North America and the spread of the industrial revolution, Liverpool found itself in a position of strategic importance.  For almost three hundred years, Port authorities have responded to ever-increasing demands placed on the port.

http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/customs/

These pioneers never took the easy option. From the earliest days, they had to deal with  unprecedented engineering undertakings. Shipping would change from sail to steam and paddle to propeller and from the tiny craft of the 17th century to the huge ships of the 20th. Building materials developed from timber and brick via cast iron and steel to modern concretes. Today the Port of Liverpool runs along seven and a half miles of riverside and an unknown milage of dockside. Even by worldwide standards the scale is daunting.  

In 1708 Liverpool Port Authority set up a Development Committee, appointing Thomas Steers to advise on the building of a dock system.  Using existing ideas from canals, he proposed to convert the pool into a wet dock by using floodgates. To enclose a harbour was a radical and new idea which would set the pattern for future dock systems all over the world. 

History is deeply indebted to the artist John Constable for a number of paintings, completed between 1815 and 1825 which illustrate perfectly the lateral thinking employed by Steers in the earliest years of the 18th century and over one hundred years before Constable was painting.  "Lock at Dedham" 1824, "Leaping Horse" 1825, but esp. "Boat-building near Flatford Mill" 1814/15 brilliantly illustrate how locks and dry docks worked in pre-Liverpool terms.

Originally the Port was based around "The Pool", a tidal inlet of the Mersey, long buried under subsequent development. Originally sailing craft of all sorts beached,  sometime after full tide, for loading and unloading before the next high when they might conveniently float off again and be away. That system was well tested. The Vikings were using it in the 8th century.

The name 'Liverpool' derives from 'muddied pool'. It is pertinent now to mention that "The Crown" or "The Government" has always had a commercial interest in ships loading and unloading. Indeed 'Customs' as a legal term, covering the duty levied on imports from foreign countries, had been in use for some time before Liverpool started to develop . Excise is a tax on home-produced goods along the line from weaver to wearer, as it were. At a quayside they had it every which way.

From the very beginning then there was a Customs & Excise presence at the 'Pool. Since ships come and go with the tides, it is not surprising that somewhere along the line, it would become useful for Customs & Excise to employ officials to 'watch the tides'. What else to call them then but 'tide-waiters'. This apparently useless bit of information is central to my very existence. Without tide-waiters I should never have existed and this book would never have had its 'raison d'etre'.

For sailing craft to have to depend on tides for beaching and all of that is somewhat time-consuming and not cost-effective as we might say nowadays (2016). Hence the development over the centuries of piers and quays. By 1640 tha idea had been very well tested!
 
To work on ships at Liverpool while they remained afloat and to facilitate easy unloading to the town, a pier was built within the pool [about 1640?]. At the same time, Liverpool was growing rapidly and a commercial boom, [based on wool and attendant downstream industries in the Lancashire hinterland] was beginning to crank up as the 17th Century drew to a close. The slave trade, for such it was, was the making of Liverpool. For best profit costs must be kept down and the biggest factor was worker's remuneration. Slavery was an economic opportunity to really improve profit margin in labour-intensive processes such as the tending and harvesting of sugar, cotton, coffee, cocoa, opium poppies, 

Steers' original concept was known as "The Dock" or more formally "Liverpool Dock". Later  it became "The Old Dock".  Its small size, the way in which it was eventually cut off from the river by later docks, and the health hazard posed by the enclosed water into which sewers emptied, combined eventually to make the dock more of a liability than an asset. More of that later!

Building of The Dock commenced in 1709 and, upon its opening in 1715, Liverpool Dock was the 'first [commercial] enclosed wet dock in the world'. It was to be the first of a series of docks that would lay the foundations of Liverpool’s future commercial greatness.

A new basin, complete with three graving docks, and opening to the west side, was built as an outer harbour to The Liverpool Dock. (When reconstructed in 1813 it was then renamed Canning Dock.)

With the upsurge in trade, a further dock, opened in 1753, was known as  “The South Dock” later "The Salthouse". In 1771 "Georges Dock" opened, situated in the open harbour to the north. [extending from James Street to Chapel Street].

The main purpose of Georges Dock was to accommodate vessels of greater draught, particularly man-of-war ships. The Manchester Basin was constructed in 1785 with an inlet to allow river craft between The Old Dock and George’s Dock. By 1785, volume of trade dictated a need for two new docks south of The Salthouse. Kings Dock opened in 1788 and Queens in 1796.

                       In just over eighty years, Liverpool transformed itself from a backwater fishing village into the second most important port in the land. The scale of the achievement can be seen by some 'official' figures, which appear to log 100 ships into Liverpool in 1700, discharging somewhat less than 9000 tonnes of cargo. One hundred years later, the port logged some 4750 ships and handled 450,000 tonnes of cargo. From the rather accurate later figures, one can take it that someone was counting ships and goods. Being a 'tide-waiter' then was a good career option; it was to get better: much better.  

Although the 18th century had been turbulent with civil rebellions, foreign wars and piracy, the merchants of Liverpool had become some of the wealthiest men in the country during the century. The way in which many of the richest had acquired their fortunes would return to haunt Liverpool. Liverpool merchants and shipowners became main players in the transportation of human cargos. They used a  businesslike and profitable 'triangular' route between the Lancashire Port, the shores of Africa, colonised islands of the Carribbean and the then somewhat united States of America.  

It was more than a 'nice little earner'. It was the making of the Empire.  Ships would sail out of Liverpool laden with goods bound for the slave-traders in Africa. These goods were exchanged for humans harvested off the land of Africa. This self-loading and self-unloading cargo was transported to the West Indies and the American continent to be exchanged for rum, sugar, tobacco and cotton, which would be brought back to Britain raising huge profits for the ship owners and merchants.

Whatever about the rum, sugar and tobacco, cotton became the raw material for the Lancashire cotton industry; powered by coal mined from underneath and staffed by the next best thing to slave labour. Everybody got rich quick, except the miners and the slaves. Particularly the slaves, who provided almost free labour in the cotton fields of the southern states and the sugar plantations of the Caribbean islands.

HERE ENDETH THE 18TH CENTURY HISTORY OF LIVERPOOL PORT.

By the start of the 19th century the anti-slavery movement was gaining momentum, and  threatening the ship owners and merchants with ruin. But the progress of the Port of Liverpool was now unstoppable. Docks of ever-increasing size were constructed. Railways and canals were connected to the port; emigrants from all corners of the country and Europe filled the quays and streets of Liverpool. As the port expanded, so did Liverpool. Irish migrants, pauperised and crushed by the Penal Laws made up a large fraction of the human traffic into Liverpool, if not in hopes of riches then at least in hopes of a dryish bed and a fullish belly.

In the sixty years between 1831 and 1891, Liverpool's population almost trebled and this was in spite of thousands dying in colera outbreaks during those years. Census figures of 205,572 for 1831 and 617,032 for 1891 indicate the scale. Immigration (well actually it was migration in those days) from Ireland rose during the '1840's largely fuelled by starvation, peaking with the Famines of '46, '47, '48 and '49. Among those numbers are included my great-grandfather, arriving in Liverpool in 1849 aged 36 with a 26 year old wife, to take up employment as a tide-waiter in Her Majesty's Customs, a post he held until his retirement in 1883 then aged 70.

In 1811 the port authorities got permission, through Parliament, to fill in the Old Dock. Despite opposition and continuing demand for dock space, it finally closed to shipping in 1826 and Prince's Dock was built north of George’s Dock. Princes was the first to be enclosed by walls, a feature later employed on all docks to reduce 'shrinkage', tax evasion, thievery and all such non-profit enterprises. Now at last Customs&Excise could get down to the business it was good at. More tide-waiters would be needed, although most of the to-ing and fro-ing of tide-waiters now depended to no great extent on the said tides.

In 1816 work started on a small dock to the south of Queens to be named Union Dock. (In 1858 these two docks would be united, with gates opening to the river, as the Coburg Dock). During this period, my great-grandfather and his future wife would be born in Dungarvan, in 1813 and 1823 respectively.

One of the finest buildings ever erected on Merseyside was the Custom House, built on the site of the Old Dock and completed in 1839. Its centenary was somewhat ruind by the Luftwaffe who flattened it in the early months of WWII.

Brunswick dock and half-tide basin opened in 1832 primarily for the timber trade. Situated to the south, it had a sloping quay to aid unloading. Even by Liverpool standards it was massive; covering fourteen acres and even more when two graving docks were added later.

At this stage it is probably appropriate to explain 'graving' which derives from "engraving" otherwise "carving". By association such words as whittling and scraping can easily associate. Ships which sail on any kind of water tend to attract life to their wetted parts. Most especially those which go to sea attract masses of flora and fauna during voyages and lay-overs. Seaweed, barnacles and slimes of all sorts attach themselves to hulls. It has long been understood that a clean hull slips through the water more easily. And so it made sense from time time to time to scrape the bottoms in graving docks by the simple expedient of floating the ship in, closing and sealing the gates, waiting for the tide to go out, releasing the water in the graving dock and then sending in as many as it took to scrape the hull clean, make repairs as needed and seal up or paint the underside. Labour intensive in a city that had any amount of cheap labour. Graving docks fed many a mouth that might otherwise have gone hungry.  

At the same time, work went ahead on the "Clarence" situated to the north and designed specifically for  steamers. Opened in 1830, it was the first to have continuous covered sheds, which were to become a feature of most future docks. Spoilage would be cut enormously, shrinkage would be reduced as the rogues might now have to deal with locked doors as well as high boundary walls. With the arrival of sheds, weather would be less of a problem for Customs&Excise tide-waiters going about their lawful and profitable businesses on behalf of Her Majesty's Customs and Excise Service.

Trafalgar and Victoria both opened in 1836, each being built for steam-powered vessels and this completed development between the Waterloo and Clarence docks. The port had tried unsuccessfully in 1803 to integrate warehouses into the dock system, but met with implacable opposition from Liverpool's warehouse owners. A commission set up in 1821 recommended that there should be an area connected to the dock away from public access to meet the requirements of Customs and Excise.  The owners, probably with the collusion of the warehouse owners claimed it would bankrupt them, and rejected the proposal. The argument went on for many years, until 1837 when the Municipal Council which owned the docks, decided to go ahead regardless. Albert Dock was completed in 1845, and was opened by its namesake. It was the first to have warehouses within the dock estate. Again Customs&Excise was in the middle of developments and the Queen's shilling was further secured.

In 1846, enlargement of Salthouse began. Work started on Wapping to the east of Kings. Wapping took the best part of 12 years to complete, coming into service in 1858. Much of the labour was provided by destitute Irishmen, mostly men it must be said fleeing starvation on John Bull's Other Island. They did not get a plane from Knock or Galway in those days or a car ferry either. Follow the words of a contemporary ballad with all the nonsense and music stripped away.
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In the month of June, from my home [near Tuam], I started. Saluted father dear and kissed my darling mother, drank a pint of beer my tears and grief to smother, to leave where I was born. Cut a stout blackthorn to banish ghosts, goblins and dogs on the Rocky Road To Dublin. In Mullingar that night I rested limbs so weary, started by daylight next morning bright and early, tired of the rocky road.  In Dublin next arrived, where my meagre possessions were stolen, inquiring for the rogue I found me Connacht brogue was not much help in the big city. From there I got away me spirits never failing landed on the quay just as the ship was leaving. Captain at me roared and said that no room had he, but when I got on board a berth was found for Paddy. Where?  Down among the pigs, the water round me bubblin' when at Holyhead I wished myself was dead. The boys of Liverpool when we safely landed called myself a fool and poor old Erin's Isle they began abusin'  shillaily [the blachthorn stick] I'd apply Galway boys went by they saw I was a hobbling, joined in the affray and quickly cleared the way  ...  .......... ?

For what? For a life of unrelenting toil til you might be taken out by cholera, killed in a work-related accident or in a drunken punch-up. Life in Liverpool was cheap in 1849.

The Rocky Road to Dublin: double jig

Twas in the merry month of June now from me home I started
Left the girls of Tuam nearly broken hearted
Saluted father dear and kissed me darlin' mother
Drank a pint of beer my tears and grief to smother
Then off to reap the corn, to leave where I was born
I cut a stout blackthorn to banish ghosts and goblins
Brand new pair of clogs rattling offa the bogs
And frightenin' all the dogs on
The Rocky Road To Dublin one, two, three, four, five........

CHORUS: to be sung by the crowd, so the singer can get his wind back for the next verse.

      ........ Hunt the hare and turn her down the rocky road
               and all the ways to Dublin Wack fol oll dee daa.

In Mullingar that night I rested limbs so weary
Started by daylight next morning bright and early
Took a drop o' the pure to keep me heart from shrinkin'
That's the Paddy's cure whenever he's on for drinkin'
To see the lassies smile, laughin' all the while
And at me curious style 'twould set me heart a bubblin'
Asked if I was hired and wages I required
Til I was nearly tired of
The Rocky road to Dublin one, two, three, four, five.
                                                     .......Hunt the..
Well! in Dublin next arrived I thought it such a pity
To be so soon deprived a view of that fair city
Then I took a walk and all among the quality
Bundle it was stole all in a neat locality
Something crossed me mind now when I looked behind
No bundle could I find upon me stick a wobblin'
Inquirin' for the rogue I found me Connacht brogue
Was not so much in vogue on
The Rocky road to Dublin one, two, three, four, five.
                                                     .......Hunt the..
From there I got away me spirits never failing
Landed on the Quay just as the ship was leaving    (pronounce "Kay")
Captain at me roared and said that no room had he
But when I got on board a berth was found for Paddy
Where?  Down among the pigs. Did some hearthy rigs
And played a few healthy jigs, the water round me bubblin'
When at Holyhead I wished myself was dead
Or better far instead on
The Rocky Road To Dublin one, two, three, four, five.
                                                     .......Hunt the..
Well!  The boys of Liverpool, when we safely landed
Called myself a fool.  I could no longer stand it
Blood began to boil, the temper I was losin'
Poor old Erin's Isle when they began abusin'
Horray me soul says I shillaily I'll apply        (pronounce "Sowl")
When Galway boys went by they saw I was a hobbling (pronounce "Gollawa")
With a loud Horray!  they joined all in the affray
And quickly cleared the way for
The Rocky Road To Dublin one, two, three, four, five.
                                                     .......Hunt the..

1848 saw the opening of another five docks, Stanley, Salisbury, Bramley-Moore, Nelson and Collingwood. Sandon Dock was completed a year later in 1849. This was the year my great grandfather landed at Liverpool, the exact date being Tuesday 17th April. For this information I am indebted to the man himself, his son, that son's extended family in Philadelphia and a great deal of luck and coincidences. It was the week after Easter that year and the third quarter of the moon so the tides were neaped.

A diary survives to this day which Cors. Wall started in 1854 as a result of just one of those coincidences.  One Lewis Fitzmaurice was enroute to Australia with his wife and child in 1854. He met with Cors. Wall while passing through Liverpool and for some reason felt the need to leave a little present. As a memento he presented Cors. with a diary, effectively an almost unused ledger which had been the account book of a legal clerk back in Ireland. Cors. was obviously very proud of this gift and inscribed it, inside the front cover.

"Cornelius Wall, tidewaiter at Liverpool in 1850 and living in Liverpool since 1849. <17th April 1849>" Presented by Lewis Fitzmaurice Esq of Dungarvan Co. Waterford Ireland At Liverpool England when going to Australia His wife and Child <in 1854>"

Some serious sleuthing and examination of the diaries were carried by members of the Wall family in the 1980's, when they had the diary (on loan) from Philadelphia. The volume transpired to be, in essence, an expenses and account book and was used briefly in Sep.Oct 1848 by a public servant visiting workhouses. His itinerary included Dungarvan, Clonmel, BallyMcCarbury and Galway. He made but very few entries relating to his movements  and the almost unused volume travelled to Liverpool. Cors. immediately put it to use, entering important family information in it for the next forty years. Only births, deaths and marriages were normally included and often the entries make sad reading.


editing in progress 10 Nov 2014, Shaun Wall

Huskisson Dock followed Sandon in 1852, being extended in 1860, reflecting the increasing size of vessels at the time; the [two] graving docks were 950' in length.

In 1855 the corporation applied to parliament for a bill to further extend the dock system, they were denied this when the almost bankrupt Birkenhead Dock Company lobbied against the proposal. The Liverpool Dock Company simply purchased the Birkenhead company.

In 1857 a bill was introduced in parliament, its main aim being to take control of the dock away from the Corporation of Liverpool. The main backers of this bill were Manchester Chamber of Commerce, Manchester Commercial Association and Great Western Railway. All resented paying dues on the cargoes passing through the port, a right that had been established under the charter of King John and which had been purchased by Liverpool Corporation in 1672.  The bill was passed; the backers paid Liverpool Corporation £1,500,000 in compensation and the Merseyside Docks and Harbour Board came into being.

Trade was still growing at a huge rate. Demand continued for more and more docks particularly for the Timber trade.  As the length and beam of ships grew, the docks grew to in parallel. The construction of the largest dock yet, the Canada with an entrance 100' wide,  was completed in 1859. The enormous gates on this entrance were operated by a hydraulic system housed in a double octagonal castellated tower, which unfortunately was demolished long ago. A half-tide dock was extended to the north, this was to give access to later docks to the east, and a branch dock was added in 1896 with graving docks alongside, some 926 feet in length.

In 1864 to the south the Herculaneum Dock was opened with extensive graving docks and by the 1880s it had been extended and greatly improved. Through the 1860s the port found its facilities inadequate. In 1872, [with 48 years of service under his belt] Jesse Hartley retired. To meet the ever-increasing demand for berths, the port hired G. Lyster as Engineer.

 The same year (1872 )Cors. Wall's wife Catherine died on May 28th at 2 Snowdon Terrace and was buried next day in Anfield cemetary. Lyster oversaw seven new docks to the north of the Bootle boundary and two to the south.  In 1880 a Royal Charter granted it city status. The Alexandria and Langton were completed in 1881, [1881 Attempt by Fenians to blow up Liverpool Town Hall]. the Harrington was opened in 1883, the year Cors. Wall eventually retired from service (at the age of 70) with a pension and returned to Dungarvan, with his young family. His wife was not yet quite 30; his son John F. was 9; his daughter Catherine 8.

I have long speculated how the young Scouses integrated into what must have been a hugely different lifestyle in a small cottage at BallyMcMaigue at the intersection of the roads to Clonmel and Killarney.
 

1886 Sat Feb06 d. Ml. Wall, 'brother' of Cors. at Dungarvan Union buried in the 'old'  Churchyard
1886 Thu Aug15 John Wall d. Blackpool, Dungarvan, aged 84y8m
1907 Mar12 Catherine Wall nee O'Carroll d. age 53 buried in 'new' cemetary.
1907 Tue Jun04 John Wall of The Pike married Honora Clancy at 6am in St. Marys
1908 Apr27 Cors. Wall of Ballymacmaigue d. aged 95

1908 Aug20 Cors. Aug. Wall b. Rices St. Dungarvan.

1908 Apr29 Cors. interred with his wife in the 'new cemetary' in Dungarvan.
1909 Jul22 James Wall b. 2111 South Edgewood Ave. West Phila (we believe 21st!)
1909 Jul?? James Francis bap RC Church of Blessed Sacrament, Chester Ave. West Phila
1912 Sun Apr21 d. Nora Wall nee Clancy, residing at Rices St. Dungarvan of 'pneumonia'.
1912 Tue Apr 23 int. in Ring Nora Wall nee Clancy
1912 Sep28 Ellen Catherine Murray b. Ballyguiry.
1928 John Wall (Sister Theresa's father) died and was buried in Dungarvan
1928 John Wall married Annie Kennedy in Church of Good Shepherd 65 Chester Ave.
1931 Dec21 John F. Wall died
1931 Dec 24 John F. Wall interred in Holy Cross Cemetery

[ Holy Cross Cemetery, Yeadon, Delaware County, Pennsylvania
Bailey Rd & Yeadon Ave, Lansdowne, PA 19050 (215) 476-3656     
Lat: 39° 55' 51"N, Lon: 075° 15' 20"W
This very large RC cemetery is administered by the Archdiocese of Philadelphia PA.] from Church of Good Shepherd. (1925-2004) Formerly located at [South 57th St.] and Chester Ave. Spiritual records are kept at Divine Mercy Church, Philadelphia. Phone: 215-727-8300